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Specialty Gases Reference Guide

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Technical Data Conversion Factors Temperature Celsius, o Celsius, o C C Fahrenheit, o Kelvin, o K Rankine, o R Volume cm3 * cm3 ft3 in3 m3 gal (U.S. Liquid) L gal (Imperial) * 1 cm3 = 1 ml Mass and Weight mg mg g kg oz* lb* ton (short, U.S.) ton (long, metric) *avoirdupois – 1000 1,000,000 28,349.5 453,592 9.07185 x 108 1 x 109 g 0.001 – 1000 28.34952 453.59237 907.185 1 x 106 kg 0.000001 0.001 – 0.0283495 0.4535924 907.18474 1000 To Obtain oz* Multiply By 3.5274 x 10-5 0.0352740 35.273962 – 16 32,000 35,274 * – 28,316.847 16.387064 1,000,000 3785.4123 1000 4546.10 ft3 in3 F – o o o Fahrenheit, o o C = (o C = o C = (o F - 32)/1.8 K - 273.16 R/1.8) - 273.16 F = (o – o o F Multiply By C x 1.8) + 32 F = ((o F = o K - 273.16) x 1.8) + 32 R - 459.69 o o K = o – o C + 273.16 K = ((o K = o F -32)/1.8) + 273.16 R/1.8 To Obtain m3 0.00003531 – 0.0005787 35.31467 0.13368056 0.03531467 0.1605 0.0610237 1728 – 61,023.74 231 61.02374 277.40 Multiply By 0.000001 0.02831685 0.00001637 – 0.00378541 0.001 0.004546 o o o R = (o R = o R = o – C + 273.16) x 1.8 F + 459.69 K x 1.8 To Obtain Kelvin, o K Rankine, o R gal (U.S. Liquid) 0.0002641 7.480519 0.0043290 264.172 – 0.2641721 1.201 L 0.001 28.316847 0.0163871 1000 3.785412 – 4.546 gal (Imperial) 0.0002199 6.229 0.003605 220.0 0.8327 0.2200 – lb* 2.2046 x 10-8 0.0022046 2.2046226 0.0625 – 2000 2205 ton (short, U.S.) 1.102 x 10-9 1.102 x 10-8 0.0011023 3.125 x 10-5 0.0005 – 1.102 ton (long, metric) 1 x 10-9 1 x 10-6 1 x 10-3 2.83 x 10-5 4.535 x 10-4 0.907 – Concentration Equivalents Concentration Equivalent 1,000,000 ppm = 100.00% 100,000 ppm = 10,000 ppm = 1,000 ppm 100 ppm 10 ppm 1 ppm = = = 10.0% 1.0% 0.1% 0.01% 0.001% = 0.0001% Concentration 1,000 ppb 100 ppb 10 ppb 1 ppb 1,000 ppt 100 ppt 10 ppt 1 ppt 1,000 ppt 100 ppt 10 ppt 1 ppt = = = Equivalent 1 ppm 0.1 ppm 0.01 ppm = 0.001 ppm = 0.001ppm = 0.0001ppm = 0.00001ppm = 0.000001ppm = = = = 1 ppb 0.1 ppb 0.01 ppb 0.001 ppb Scientific Notation 1 x 1010 1 x 109 1 x 108 1 x 107 1 x 106 1 x 105 1 x 104 1 x 103 1 x 102 1 x 101 1 x 100 Exponential Equivalents Equivalent 10,000,000,000 1,000,000,000 100,000,000 10,000,000 1,000,000 100,000 10,000 1,000 100 10 1 H 5 Scientific Notation 1 x 100 1 x 10-1 1 x 10-2 1 x 10-3 1 x 10-4 1 x 10-5 1 x 10-6 1 x 10-7 1 x 10-8 1 x 10-9 1 x 10-10 Equivalent Notation 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 0.000001 0.0000001 0.00000001 0.000000001 0.0000000001 1-877-PRAXAIR www.praxair.com/specialtygases

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